Children in Same-Sex Families: Are They Different and What Does That Mean for Policy?
Same-sex marriage is a controversial issue. As part of the policy discussion process, this paper provides an international literature review of the studies examining the impact of same-sex parents on children. It summarises comparisons between these children and their peers. The great majority of papers provide evidence that there are no substantial differences, beyond some indirect impacts and the need to consider the influences of discrimination against same-sex couples and their children. The central message is that it is family process not family structure that is important for child development. The paper concludes by considering the implications for policy reforms.